Laparoscopic indication
Jul 20, 2018

1, ectopic pregnancy: laparoscopy as a diagnostic tool, timely, accurate and can be combined with diagnosis and treatment for the same process, it is widely used in the field of gynecology. It can be used to diagnose early unruptured, early abortion ectopic pregnancy and old ectopic pregnancy that is difficult to diagnose due to atypical symptoms, reduce the consequences of delay diagnosis, and avoid unnecessary laparotomy. Thereby greatly reducing the amount of intra-abdominal bleeding, reducing the incidence of shock and blood transfusion, maximally collecting intra-abdominal blood, to achieve the purpose of autologous blood transfusion. Transforming a life-threatening ectopic pregnancy into a light-weight disease with less health hazard also laid the foundation for conservative treatment.

2, ovarian cyst rupture: the most common cause of corpus luteum cyst or endometriotic cyst rupture. Laparoscopy can determine the surgical method according to the nature of the lesion and the pelvic and abdominal complication.

3, attachment torsion: is a rare gynecological emergency, almost only on one side. Benign tumors of the ovaries or fallopian tubes are the most common cause of torsion. Malignant mass can also cause the attachment to be reversed, and the diagnosis can be confirmed by laparoscopy.

4, hemorrhagic salpingitis: under the microscope can be seen bilateral thickening of the fallopian tube, congestion, and blood from the fallopian tube end of the umbrella.

5, post-traumatic or surgical acute intra-abdominal hemorrhage: in gynecological or surgical acute abdomen, if the differential diagnosis is difficult, you can do laparoscopy. For suspicious patients, it should be inclined to do diagnostic laparoscopy, which has significantly less impact on the patient's invasion than laparotomy.

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